Hacker Tricks

Posted by Alexis Vander Wilt
Alexis Vander Wilt

Looking for some top hacking techniques? Read about the most common ones below! 

Credit to Finjan.com, for more detail on this content see the original post: https://blog.finjan.com/9-common-hacking-techniques-and-how-to-deal-with-them/

Close-up dark keyboard with coding and programing concept

Social Engineering

Social engineering is when hackers use psychological tricks to make you do something you know you shouldn't and normally wouldn't do. A classic example of this is when a person is struggling to carry heavy boxes and trying to get into your company's building. You might hold the door for them, even though it is against company policy because you are trying to help. This woman could use this access to get into areas with private or protected information or technology. 

 

Brute Force

Brute force is when hackers use repetitive tactics to get access to a resource. It essentially is like trying every possible combination of passwords until one works. Brute force isn't very efficient but is successful when companies lack good security hygiene. 

 

Denial of Service (DOS) attacks

Denial of service attacks overload machines, networks, or systems attempting to trigger a shut down of work stations. Though these attacks do not generally extract funds or information, they cause disruption. 

 

Cookie Theft

In your browser, cookies are small bits of information (like small text files) stored when you visit certain websites. They can hold things like financial information, your name, credentials, and much more. They can be saved as plain text, although usually, there is some level of encryption. If a hacker accesses the information, they can steal your identity or impersonate you online. 

 

Watering Hole Attacks

This attack method is when a hacker creates a fake wireless access point and hangs out in areas where people are likely to connect to an unprotected Wi-Fi network like coffee shops, airports, and restaurants. The hackers can harvest data or spread malware to multiple people at once if a person connects to this fake access point. 

 

Virus, Trojan, Malware

Viruses and malware are a classic example of how hackers gain access to systems. These are typically innocent-looking files that can deliver malicious code onto a system. One of the most common types is Ransomware.

 

Keylogger

Keylogging is a classic and straightforward way that hackers gain access to private information. A keylogger is a code that logs all the keystrokes you make on a keyboard. These log files provide information such as usernames, passwords, credit card numbers, and more. 

 

Bait and Switch

Bait and Switch attacks are when hackers buy advertisement space and make an ad that looks real. When someone clicks on the ad, it redirects you to a site littered with malware. Typically this requires a little misleading of the people who are selling the advertisement space. 

Phishing 

Phishing, SMShing, Spear Phishing, and Vishing are still some of the most common forms of attack for hackers. Phishing (and all variants) are realistic looking e-mails, typically with links or attachments. If the user opens them, they can implant malware onto the user's computer and potentially could spread to other computers on the same network. 

 

There are ways to protect yourself. Don’t connect to wireless networks without verifying the credentials or using a VPN, don’t open attachments or click on links if you aren’t sure where they will lead you. Install anti-virus software that will help detect malware and keyloggers on your system. Lastly, don’t reuse passwords, even if it seems like an easy way to save time, you might be endangering yourself or your company. 

 

Credit to Finjan.com, for more detail on this content see the original post: https://blog.finjan.com/9-common-hacking-techniques-and-how-to-deal-with-them/

 

Did you enjoy this content? Follow our LinkedIn page!

 

Looking for similar content?

Alexis Vander Wilt

Written by Alexis Vander Wilt

I am a senior Computer Science and Mathematics student, with a passion for understanding Data Analysis and its impacts. I work as part of the team at Query.AI where we are using Natural Language Processing to allow users to “talk to your data” reducing the security learning curve and working to make security more accessible to all.